Against

Against, 1- (disagreeing with sb/sth), a- ḍedd.

I've got nothing against you. - Ma dert-li walu.

What do you have against us? - Wac derna-lek?

b- To be against doing sth, (to refuse), ma qbel-c.

c- To be up against sth, ɛend-u muckil.

2- (in front of), f (kac meḍreb).

3- (as a protection), men (kac ḥaǧa).

4- (compared to), ɛla ḥsab.


Examples (disagreeing with sb/sth):

A dead thing can go with the stream, but only a living thing can go against it. - Ḥaǧa meyyta teqder tṛuḥ mɛa t-teyyaṛ, beṣṣeḥ ɣir ḥaǧa ḥeyya lli teqder tṛuḥ ḍedd t-teyyaṛ.

All the students were against the war. - Gaɛ ṭ-ṭelba kanu ḍedd l-ḥeṛb.

Anything you say can and will be used against you. - Gaɛ wac tqul yeqder u ṛa-hu ṛayeḥ yettesteɛmel ḍedd-k.

Around the year 174 AD, his people revolted against Rome. - F ǧwayeh 174 taɛ l-milad, taṛ c-ceɛb taɛ-u ḍedd Ṛuma.

Catholics are against birth control. - L-kaṭulikiyyin ṛa-hum ḍedd teḥdid l-wladat.

Garlic and onion are good remedies against the common cold. - T-tum u l-bṣel dwa mliḥ ḍedd l-z-zukam taɛ menwala.

I can't say anything against it. - Ma neqder nqul walu ḍedd had c-ci.

I have nothing against them. - Ma ɛend-i ḥetta ḥaǧa ḍedd-hum.

I told you I was against it. - Qult-lek ṛa-ni ḍedd had c-ci.

I was vaccinated against the flu. - Ttefṣedt ḍedd l-fluwenza. ~~~

Many people don't realize that antibiotics are ineffective against viruses. - Kayen bezzaf nas ma ɛlabal-hum-c belli l-muḍaddat l-ḥayawiyya ma yennefɛu-c ḍedd l-virusat.

Seriously. We have to do something against it. - Ṣeḥḥ, lazem ndiru ḥaǧa ḍedd had c-ci.

The charges against Farid have been dropped. - Tbeṭlu t-tehmat lli kanu ḍedd Farid.

This is a crime against humanity. - Hadi ǧrima ḍedd l-bacariyya.

We all must stand up against this. - Lazem newweqfu kamel ḍedd had c-ci.

We're against nuclear weapons. - Ṛa-na ḍedd s-slaḥ n-nawawi.

What do you have against Farid? - Wac ɛend-k ḍedd Farid?

You are either with us, or against us. - Ya ṛa-k mɛa-na wella ḍedd-na.

You can't be forced to testify against your husband. - Ma yeqder-c l-waḥed iḥettem-k teccehdi ḍedd ṛaǧel-k.


Examples (as a protection):

Insure your house against fire. - Suri daṛ-k men n-naṛ.

Is this cage meant to protect against sharks? - Had l-qfeṣ ṛayeḥ yeḥmi-na men r-rukanat?

The doors protect us and our property against strangers and they don't let the heat out or in. - L-biban yeḥmiw melk-na men l-beṛṛaniyyin u ma ixelliw s-sxana texreǧ, wala tedxel.


Examples (as a protection from a disease):

She was vaccinated against polio. - Feṣdu-ha ɛel l-pulyu.


Examples (compared to):

The yen is expected to lose value against the dollar. - L-yan ṛa-hu metweqqeɛ tenqes qimet-u ɛla ḥsab d-dulaṛ.


Examples (in front of):

Against the snow, the white rabbit was invisible. - F t-telǧ, hadik l-gnina l-biḍa ma tban-c.


Examples (to be against doing sth):

I'm against painting it again because it was painted just last year. - Ma qbelt-c nɛawdu-lu s-sbiɣa xaṭer sbeɣna-h l-ɛam lli fat beṛk.


Examples (to be up against sth):

Farid knows what he's up against. - Farid ɛlabal-u b-l-muckil lli ɛend-u.


Examples (touching):

I noticed him sitting with his back against the wall. - Ceft-u qaɛed, mtekki ɛel l-ḥiṭ.

Put the ladder against the wall. - Tekki s-sellum ɛel l-ḥiṭ.

Put your hands against the wall. - Ḥeṭṭ yeddi-k ɛel l-ḥiṭ.

Who's that guy leaning against your car? - Ckun hadak ṛ-ṛaǧel lli ṛa-hu mtekki ɛel l-keṛṛusa?


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